Italy is a beautiful country that offers an incredible variety of things to do and see. From the gastronomic delights of Rome to the romantic canals of Venice to the breathtaking cliffs of Capri, there is something for everyone. Italy has a rich history that is full of interesting stories about its people and their achievements.
Italy’s history dates back to the ancient Roman Republic and Empire, when it was ruled by a series of kings and emperors. Then, in the 1800s, a period of reforms and unification called the Risorgimento began, when different areas of the country joined together to become one united nation. Today, Italy is a parliamentary republic with a prime minister and president. The country is divided into 20 regions, with five of them having a special status that allows them to pass legislation on some local matters.
The Italian culture is diverse and includes religion, language, food, values, art, and lifestyles. It is the home of many famous artists, such as Michelangelo and Leonardo da Vinci, and some of the most delicious foods in the world, such as pasta with tomato sauce, pizza, and tiramisu. The Italians also have a very strong connection to their land, which is reflected in their style of living.
A good way to get a feel for the Italian culture is to visit some of the main cities, such as Florence, Milan, and Rome. Each of these cities has its own unique characteristics, but they all share an appreciation for art, food, and family life.
Then, head to the countryside, where you’ll find a different kind of Italian experience. Some of the most picturesque landscapes in Italy are the Alps, the Dolomites, and the Cinque Terre. You can take a train or drive to visit these mountainous regions, and enjoy the spectacular views and the fresh air.
You’ll also be able to explore some of the country’s most impressive natural features, such as the Frasassi Caves (Le Marche), the Grotto di Castellana in Puglia, and the Blue Grotto on the island of Capri. The cliffs of the Scala dei Turchi in southern Sicily are another popular site.
Most visitors to Italy go to a few specific cities, such as Florence, where they can visit Michelangelo’s David and the Uffizi Gallery, or take in the view from the Piazzale Michelangelo. In the Tuscany region, travelers can see the countryside that was immortalized in countless Renaissance paintings—rolling hills covered with tiny stone churches and tall Cypress trees. Some tours of the area include a stop in Cortona, the setting for Under the Tuscan Sun. For the adventurous, a day trip to Assisi is also possible. For those who prefer a slower pace, many of the lake regions, such as Lake Como and Lake Garda, offer picturesque towns where you can relax.